Upstream Hawilti+ 

Dhirubhai-1 FPSO likely contender for redeployment on Pecan field offshore Ghana

Ocean Yield’s Dhirubhai-1 FPSO, which had been contracted by Reliance Industries offshore India from September 2008 to September 2018, is the likely contender to be redeployed offshore Ghana for the development of the Deepwater Tano Cape Three Points block where lies the Pecan field. The vessel was converted in 2008 and has a oil production capacity of 60,000 barrels of oil per day (bopd).

Ocean Yield is majority-owned by Aker Capital, whose company Aker Energy Ghana is the operator of the Deepwater Tano Cape Three Points block offshore Ghana. While KKR is set to take over the management of Ocean Yield from Aker Capital, Aker Energy still has an option to acquire the FPSO for its Ghanaian deep-water project.

Aker Contracting FP ASA, an indirect subsidiary of Ocean Yield, and Aker Energy have notably entered into an agreement under which Aker Energy is granted an option to acquire the FPSO for $35m. However, the option is exercisable within a very particular timeframe: at the earliest 16 business days prior to settlement of KKR’s upcoming voluntary cash tender offer, and no later than 15 December 2021.

Because Aker Energy had previously paid Ocean Yield $17.9m as compensation for prior options on the same FPSO and related services, Aker Energy’s total investment to purchase the FPSO will amount to $52.9m, shall the option by exercised.

Discovered in the early 2010s by American independent Hess Corporation, the Pecan field is expected to be Ghana’s next major offshore oil & gas project. By the time the Aker Group acquired operatorship in 2018, Hess had already made seven discoveries, out of which all but one (Cob-1) had been declared commercial.

The project has always been a priority for Ghana and targeted first oil by 2021, but suffered several delays, first because of the maritime boundary dispute between Ghana and Côte d’Ivoire, settled in 2017, then because of the Covid-19 pandemic. In March 2020, Aker Energy notably issued a notice to Yinson Holdings terminating the Letter of Intent for the FPSO’s charter, operations & maintenance contract it had initially planned to award to the Malaysian contractor.

Since then, Aker Energy Ghana committed to finding a revised phased development to move the project forward, including via an alternate concept based on the utilisation of two small-sized FPSOs: one redeployed FPSO on the crest of Pecan in Phase 1 and another one in the North of Pecan to tie back additional resources in the northern part of the field in Phase 2.

However, Ghanaian authorities have grown impatient and in August 2021, Minister of Energy Hon. Dr. Matthew Opoku Prempeh presented a paper to Ghana’s Parliament according to which the state-owned Ghana National Petroleum Corp (GNPC) would acquire a 37% additional interest in the Deep Water Tano/Cape Three Points (DWT/CTP) Block.

The same day, Minister of Finance Hon Ken Ofori-Atta had presented a Loan Agreement between the Government of Ghana and GNPC Explorco for the grant of a loan of up to $1.65bn for the company to meet its payment obligation to acquire the shares in Aker Energy Ghana while also contributing to a Capex of $350m over the 2021-2024 period to achieve first oil from Pecan Phase 1.

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Moody’s upgrades Angola’s long-term issuer ratings

Moody’s Investors Service had just upgraded the Government of Angola’s foreign and local currency long-term issuer rater from Caa1 to B3 while maintaining a stable outlook for the country. Moody’s upgrade follows the improvement of Angola’s credit profile on the back of stronger governance and better fiscal management. In particular, Moody’s expects a continued improvement in the country’s fiscal metrics and liquidity and funding risks, especially because of higher oil prices and a stable exchange rate with the Kwanza. As a result, Angola’s local currency (LC) and foreign currency (FC) country ceilings have been raised to B1 and B3 from B2 and Caa1 respectively. “Assuming that oil prices remain around $65/barrel this year and next and around $45-65/barrel in the medium term, with a relatively stable kwanza, Moody’s expects the government debt-to-GDP ratio to decline to 95% this year and below 80% in 2023, from 122% in 2020,” Moody’s said in a statement yesterday. The company further expects the debt-to-GDP ratio to approach 60% by 2025 while the debt-to-revenue ratio could fall to around 300% from 586% last year. A positive improvement is notably seen in the country’s liquidity risks. While Angola’s government borrowing requirements rose to almost 18% of GDP in 2020, they are expected to go down to below 10% of GDP in 2021 and 2022. This is notably the result of continued debt restructuring efforts along with fiscal consolidation. Source: MinFin Finally, the country’s external position can now rely on the stabilization of its exchange rate, with the Kwanza relatively stable at AOA 650/USD since the end of 2020 compared with AOA 165/USD at the end of 2017. While the exchange rate’s liberalization has been an eventful journey, the currency is stabilizing as oil prices recover, which in turns improves Angola’s external position. “Moody’s expects the current account surplus to exceed 5% of GDP in 2021 and to remain in surplus in the coming years. This is explained in part by the rebound in oil prices but also by the structural reduction in the import bill,” explains.

Angola produces 3.1m carats of diamonds in four months

From January to April 2021, the country produced the equivalent of 620 kilos of diamonds, with the goal of reaching 9.1 million carats by 2022. Angola produced a total of 3.1 million carats of diamonds (620 kg) from January to April this year. This is a reasonable performance given the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic, said Alexandre Garrett, director of the Planning and Statistics Office of the Ministry of Mineral Resources, during a local forum on the banking and mining sectors. Angola will continue to support operators to increase diamond production and reach the target of 9.1 million carats (1,820 kg) by 2022, he added. Also present at the forum, Canga Xaquivuila, director of the Angolan Institute of Geology, said his organization would further develop the country’s significant mineral resources. “The geological institute acts as a gateway, not only to examine and improve the quality and quantity of existing minerals, but also to pave the way for new discoveries and contribute to the revitalisation of the sector, with the objective that it becomes more integrated and adapted to a good business environment”, Xaquivuila said. With a production of 8 million carats per year, Angola is now ranked fifth in the world among diamond-producing countries.